Awareness of biodiversity
Status of biodiversity
Threats to biodiversity
Measures that safeguard biodiversity
Measures that mainstream biodiversity
Benefits derived from biodiversity and ecosystem services
Impacts on biodiversity outside of Ireland
Knowledge of Irish biodiversity
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The EU Directive on the Conservation of Habitats, Flora and Fauna (92/43/EEC), commonly known as “the Habitats Directive”, came into force in 1994 and was transposed into Irish law in 1997. It has become the single most important piece of legislation governing the conservation of biodiversity in Europe. The main aim of the Habitats Directive is to achieve and maintain favourable conservation status for habitats and species which are considered at risk. This is to be achieved by designating key sites as Special Areas of Conservation, and also by introducing protective measures for species considered at risk. The protection of these habitats and species occurring in Ireland presents many of the most important priorities for nature conservation in this country.
Under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive, each member state is obliged to report to the European Commission on the status of listed habitats and species every six years. In 2007 and 2013, Ireland submitted assessments of conservation status for all 69 species covered under Article 17 that occur in Ireland. However, the assessment methodology relating to the impact of pollution has changed markedly over the two reporting periods, so only data from the most recent assessment in 2013 is presented. Of those 69 species, 37 were impacted by pollution in 2013. The most important form of pollution was freshwater or marine-based pollution with in total 26 species impacted in 2013.
More information on the Article 17 species and habitat assessments can be found here:
This indicator focuses on the number of species listed under the EU Habitats Directive for which pollution is a major threat to their status. It will show how the number of species affected changes over time.