Awareness of biodiversity
Status of biodiversity
Threats to biodiversity
Measures that safeguard biodiversity
Measures that mainstream biodiversity
Benefits derived from biodiversity and ecosystem services
Impacts on biodiversity outside of Ireland
Knowledge of Irish biodiversity
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These data are derived from the Flash Eurobarometer Reports No. 219 (conducted from 20.11.2007 to 24.11.2007, 1000 Irish participants), No. 290 (conducted from 08.02.2010 to 12.02.2010, 1000 Irish participants), No. 379 (conducted from 26.06.2013 to 28.06.2013, 1000 Irish participants) and Special Eurobarometer No. 436 (conducted from 30.05.2015 to 08.06.2015, 1004 Irish participants). The previous three Flash Eurobarometer surveys were conducted using ad hoc telephone interviews, whereas the Special Eurobarometer was carried out as a face-to-face survey.
These surveys were requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Environment. It is a general public survey co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication (“Research and Speechwriting” Unit). The surveys covers the population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States, resident in each of the 27 Member States and Croatia and aged 15 years and over. All interviews were carried using a centralised call centre. In every country respondents were called both on fixed lines and mobile phones. The basic sample design applied in all states is multi-stage random (probability). In each household, the respondent was drawn at random following the "last birthday rule". The Special Eurobarometer was carried out as a face-to-face survey, randomly selecting addresses from each for the EUROSTAT NUTS II regions to ensure proportional coverage across regions within countries.
Irish respondents have consistently reported that they feel we have a responsibility to look after nature (97% agree), that our well-being and quality of life is based on nature and biodiversity (90%), biodiversity is indispensable for the production of food, fuel and medicine (86%) and is essential in tackling climate change (94%).
Some of the most significant changes in opinion between 2013 and 2015 are the marked declines in the number of respondents thinking that there is a serious decline and possible extinction of wildlife in Ireland (-17%), having heard of the term biodiversity (-10%), stating that they would personally make an effort to protect biodiversity (-10%), thinking they will be personally affected by biodiversity loss (-8%) and feeling informed about biodiversity loss (-7%). The only positive change was the number of respondents who had heard of the Natura 2000 network, up to 16% compared to 8% in 2013.
The summary reports of the Flash Eurobarometer surveys can be found here:
The Eurobarometer is a longstanding public opinion survey facilitated by the European Commission since the 1970s. While biodiversity-related questions do not form part of the standard surveys, Flash Eurobarometer surveys on this subject are conducted every few years to clarify how familiar EU citizens are with the term biodiversity and with the concept of biodiversity loss.