Awareness of biodiversity
Status of biodiversity
Threats to biodiversity
Measures that safeguard biodiversity
Measures that mainstream biodiversity
Benefits derived from biodiversity and ecosystem services
Impacts on biodiversity outside of Ireland
Knowledge of Irish biodiversity
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The EU Directive on the Conservation of Habitats, Flora and Fauna (92/43/EEC), commonly known as “the Habitats Directive”, came into force in 1994 and was transposed into Irish law in 1997. It has become the one of the most important pieces of legislation governing the conservation of biodiversity in Europe. The main aim of the Habitats Directive is to maintain or restore favourable conservation status (FCS) of the habitats and species listed on the Directive. Measures taken to contribute towards achieving FCS include designating key sites as Special Areas of Conservation, and also by introducing protective measures for species considered at risk.
Under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive, each member state is obliged to report to the European Commission on the status of listed habitats and species every six years. In 2007 and 2013, Ireland submitted assessments of conservation status for all species listed on the Directive that occur in Ireland. The current status has been derived by the National Parks and Wildlife Service using the best available information on the range, population size, area of suitable habitat, threats and management of the species and its habitat, although in some cases there are inadequate data to make a precise statement on conservation status.
In 2013, 32 species had favourable assessments, 12 inadequate, 6 bad, 11 without sufficient data and 8 were considered vagrants i.e. present, but not breeding in Ireland.
Taking account of changes in assessment methodology and improved knowledge, expert judgement was used to establish changes between 2007 and 2013; 6% demonstrated a genuine improving trend, 10% demonstrated a genuine declining trend, 82% are considered to be stable and 2% have an unknown trend. Changes from Unknown to Favourable assume that the status was Favourable in 2007.
The Irish Article 17 report to the European Commission can be found here:
More information on Article 17 reporting can be found here:
An existing indicator used for Article 17 reporting under the EU Habitats Directive, this metric uses a standard classification system to grade the conservation status of species protected under Article 17 and can be used to show changes in that status over time.